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Dark Forces Dominate UniverseThe earth, moon, sun and all visible stars in the sky make up less than one percent of the universe. Almost all the rest is dark matter and dark energy, unknown forces that _______(51) astronomers.Observations in recent years have changed the basic_______(52) of how the universe evolved and have indicated how little is known about the major forces and substances that _______(53) our world.Astronomers now know that luminous (发光的)matter — stars, planets and hot gas — accounts_______(54) only about 0. 4 percent of the universe. Non-luminous components,such as black holes and intergalactic (星系间的)gas, ______ (55) up 3. 6percent. The rest is either dark matter, about 23 percent, or dark energy, about 73 percent.Dark matter, sometimes_______(56) “cold dark matter”,has been known for some time. Only recently have researchers come to understand the key role it_______(57) in the formation of stars, planets and even people.“We_______(58) our very existence to dark matter,” said physicist Paul Steinhardt and a co-author of a review on dark matter which_______(59) not long ago in the journal Science.“Dark matter dominated the structure_______(60) in the early universe,’’ Steinhardt said. ‘‘ For the first few billion years dark matter contained most of the mass of the universe. You can think of ordinary matter_______(61) a froth (泡沫)of an ocean of dark matter.The dark matter clumps (结成块)and the ordinary matter falls into it.That_______(62)to the formation of the stars and galaxies (星系).”Without dark matter, “there would be virtually no structures in the universe. ’’The nature of dark matter is_______ (63). It cannot be seen or detected directly.Astronomers know it is there because of its_______(64) on celestial(天体的)objects that can be seen and measured.But the most dominating force of all in the universe is called dark energy, a recently_______ (65) power that astronomers say is causing the galaxies in the universe to separate at a faster and faster speed. A elementB shapeC formationD power
答案如下:
C
解析: 此处的意思是“暗物质在宇宙早期结构形成过程中起着主导作用”。四个选项中只有选项C与文意符合。
Almost Human?Scientists are racing to build the worlds first thinking robot. This is not science fiction:some say they will have made it by the year 2020. Carol Packer reports.Machines that walk, speak and feel are no longer science fiction. Kismet is the name of an android (机器人)which scientists have built at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Kismet is different from the traditional robot because it can show human emotions. Its eyes, ears and lips move to show when it feels happy, sad or bored. Kismet is one of the first of a new generation of androids — robots that look like human beings — which can imitate human feelings. Cog,another android invented by the MIT, imitates the action of a mother. However, scientists admit that so far Cog has the mental ability of a two-year-old.The optimists (乐观主义者)say that by the year 2020 we will have created humanoids (机器人)with brains similar to those of an adult human being. These robots will be designed to look like people to make them more attractive and easier to sell to the public. What kind of jobs will they do? In the future, robots like Robonaut, a humanoid invented by NASA, will be doing dangerous jobs, like repairing space stations. They will also be doing more and more of the household work for us. In Japan, scientists are designing androids that will entertain us by dancing and playing the piano.Some people worry about what the future holds: will robots become monsters (怪物)? Will people themselves become increasingly like robots? Experts predict that more and more people will be wearing micro-computers, connected to the Internet, in the future. Peoplewill have micro-chips in various parts of their body, which will connect them to a wide variety of gadgets (小装置).Perhaps we should not exaggerate (夸大)the importance of technology, but one wonders whether, in years to come, we will still be falling in love, and whether we will still feel pain. Who knows?In the future robots will also A explore space.B entertain people.C move much faster.D do all of the housework.
答案如下:
B
解析: 该题问题是未来的机器人还能干什么?第三段最后一句提到“…will entertain us by dancing and playing the piano”。故答案为B。
Credit Card Only Works When Spoken ToA credit card that will not work unless it hears its owners voice could become an important weapon in the fight against fraud (欺骗).The card requires users to give a spoken password that it recognizes using a built-in voice-recognition chip. The idea is to prevent thieves using a stolen card or fraudsters using someone else's credit card details to buy goods online.A model built by engineers at Beepcard in Santa Monica, California, represents the first attempt to pack a microphone, a loudspeaker, a battery and a voice-recognition chip into a standard-sized credit card.They are not quite there yet: the card is the length and width of an ordinary credit card, but it is still about three times as thick. The company now plans to make it thinner.The voice card is based on an earlier Beepcard technology designed to prevent fraud in online transactions. This earlier card has no microphone, but has a built-in loudspeaker that it uses to “squawk”(发出叫声)a voice ID signal via a computer’s microphone to an online server.By verifying (证实)that the signal matches the card details, the server can establish that the user is not simply keying in a credit card number but actually has the card to hand. The ID code changes each time the card is used in a pre-ordered sequence that only the server knows.This prevents fraudsters recording the beeps, noting the card details and then playing back the audible ID when they key in the details later. But this earlier technology cannot prevent fraudulent use of stolen cards. The new one can.The new voice card also identifies itself by its ID squawk, but it will not do this until it has verified the legitimate (合法的)user's spoken password. Thieves will be unable to use the card because even if they knew the password they would have to be able to copy the owner's voice with a high degree of accuracy.The challenge for Beepcard has been to develop voice-recognition and audio circuitry that can be powered by a mini battery embedded (嵌入的)in a credit card. To maximize battery life, the electronics are only switched on when the card is being used. Pressing a button on the card’s surface prompts it to utter “say your password” in female voice. If the voice-recognition software proves that the password is authentic (真实的),it sends its ID squawk which the server then identifies, allowing the transaction to proceed.What can we learn from the last paragraph about the voice card? A Only female voice passwords could be recognized.B Further improvement should be made to extend battery life.C There is no limit to its application.D Female customers like to use it.
答案如下:
B
解析: 文章最后一段第二句提到,为延长电池的寿命,卡只有在使用的时候才打开。说明应在耗电和延长电池寿命方面进行改进,故答案为B。
Cloning (克隆):Future Perfect?1 A clone is an exact copy of a plant or animal produced from any one cell. Since Scottish scientists reported that they had managed to clone a sheep named Dolly in 1997, research into cloning has grown rapidly. In May 1998, scientists in Massachusetts managed to create two identical calves (牛犊)using cloning technology. A mouse has also been cloned successfully. But the debate over cloning humans really started when Chicago physicist Richard Seed made a surprising announcement: “We will have managed to clone a human being within the next two years," he told the world.2 Seed's announcement provoked a lot of media attention, most of it negative. In Europe, nineteen nations have already signed an agreement banning human cloning and in the US the President announced: “We will be introducing a law to ban all human cloning and many states in the US will have passed anti-cloning laws by the end of the year. ”3 Many researchers are not so negative about cloning. They are worried that laws banning human cloning will threaten important research. In March, The New England Journal of Medicine called any plan to ban research on cloning humans seriously mistaken. Many researchers also believe that in spite of attempts to ban it, human cloning will have become routine by 2010 because it is impossible to stop the progress of science.4 Is there reason to fear that cloning will lead to a nightmare world? The public has been bombarded (轰炸)with newspaper articles,television shows and films, as well as cartoons. Such information is often misleading, and makes people wonder what on earth the scientists will be doing next.5 Within the next five to ten years scientists will probably have found a way of cloning humans. It could be that pretty soon we will be able to choose the person that we want our child to look like. But how would it feel to be a clone among hundreds, the anti-cloners ask. Pretty cool,answer the pro-cloners (赞成克隆的人).Paragraph 3_____.A Strong reactions B Anxiety about the future of cloning C The right to choose D What is cloning?E Arguments in favor of cloning F A common sight
答案如下:
E
解析: 文章第三段主要讲一些科学家对克隆的正面反映,认为人们无法阻挡科技的进步。
Dark Forces Dominate UniverseThe earth, moon, sun and all visible stars in the sky make up less than one percent of the universe. Almost all the rest is dark matter and dark energy, unknown forces that _______(51) astronomers.Observations in recent years have changed the basic_______(52) of how the universe evolved and have indicated how little is known about the major forces and substances that _______(53) our world.Astronomers now know that luminous (发光的)matter — stars, planets and hot gas — accounts_______(54) only about 0. 4 percent of the universe. Non-luminous components,such as black holes and intergalactic (星系间的)gas, ______ (55) up 3. 6percent. The rest is either dark matter, about 23 percent, or dark energy, about 73 percent.Dark matter, sometimes_______(56) “cold dark matter”,has been known for some time. Only recently have researchers come to understand the key role it_______(57) in the formation of stars, planets and even people.“We_______(58) our very existence to dark matter,” said physicist Paul Steinhardt and a co-author of a review on dark matter which_______(59) not long ago in the journal Science.“Dark matter dominated the structure_______(60) in the early universe,’’ Steinhardt said. ‘‘ For the first few billion years dark matter contained most of the mass of the universe. You can think of ordinary matter_______(61) a froth (泡沫)of an ocean of dark matter.The dark matter clumps (结成块)and the ordinary matter falls into it.That_______(62)to the formation of the stars and galaxies (星系).”Without dark matter, “there would be virtually no structures in the universe. ’’The nature of dark matter is_______ (63). It cannot be seen or detected directly.Astronomers know it is there because of its_______(64) on celestial(天体的)objects that can be seen and measured.But the most dominating force of all in the universe is called dark energy, a recently_______ (65) power that astronomers say is causing the galaxies in the universe to separate at a faster and faster speed. A makeB keepC setD get
答案如下:
A
解析: make up是一个词组,表示“组成,构成;占……”的意思。
Almost Human?Scientists are racing to build the worlds first thinking robot. This is not science fiction:some say they will have made it by the year 2020. Carol Packer reports.Machines that walk, speak and feel are no longer science fiction. Kismet is the name of an android (机器人)which scientists have built at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Kismet is different from the traditional robot because it can show human emotions. Its eyes, ears and lips move to show when it feels happy, sad or bored. Kismet is one of the first of a new generation of androids — robots that look like human beings — which can imitate human feelings. Cog,another android invented by the MIT, imitates the action of a mother. However, scientists admit that so far Cog has the mental ability of a two-year-old.The optimists (乐观主义者)say that by the year 2020 we will have created humanoids (机器人)with brains similar to those of an adult human being. These robots will be designed to look like people to make them more attractive and easier to sell to the public. What kind of jobs will they do? In the future, robots like Robonaut, a humanoid invented by NASA, will be doing dangerous jobs, like repairing space stations. They will also be doing more and more of the household work for us. In Japan, scientists are designing androids that will entertain us by dancing and playing the piano.Some people worry about what the future holds: will robots become monsters (怪物)? Will people themselves become increasingly like robots? Experts predict that more and more people will be wearing micro-computers, connected to the Internet, in the future. Peoplewill have micro-chips in various parts of their body, which will connect them to a wide variety of gadgets (小装置).Perhaps we should not exaggerate (夸大)the importance of technology, but one wonders whether, in years to come, we will still be falling in love, and whether we will still feel pain. Who knows?Kismet is different from traditional robots because A it thinks for itself.B it is not like science fiction.C it can look after two-year-old.D it seems to have human feelings.
答案如下:
D
解析: 该题问的是Kismet与其他机器人的区别。第二段第三句提到它可以显示人的表情,这是它有别于其他机器人的地方,故答案为D。
Credit Card Only Works When Spoken ToA credit card that will not work unless it hears its owners voice could become an important weapon in the fight against fraud (欺骗).The card requires users to give a spoken password that it recognizes using a built-in voice-recognition chip. The idea is to prevent thieves using a stolen card or fraudsters using someone else's credit card details to buy goods online.A model built by engineers at Beepcard in Santa Monica, California, represents the first attempt to pack a microphone, a loudspeaker, a battery and a voice-recognition chip into a standard-sized credit card.They are not quite there yet: the card is the length and width of an ordinary credit card, but it is still about three times as thick. The company now plans to make it thinner.The voice card is based on an earlier Beepcard technology designed to prevent fraud in online transactions. This earlier card has no microphone, but has a built-in loudspeaker that it uses to “squawk”(发出叫声)a voice ID signal via a computer’s microphone to an online server.By verifying (证实)that the signal matches the card details, the server can establish that the user is not simply keying in a credit card number but actually has the card to hand. The ID code changes each time the card is used in a pre-ordered sequence that only the server knows.This prevents fraudsters recording the beeps, noting the card details and then playing back the audible ID when they key in the details later. But this earlier technology cannot prevent fraudulent use of stolen cards. The new one can.The new voice card also identifies itself by its ID squawk, but it will not do this until it has verified the legitimate (合法的)user's spoken password. Thieves will be unable to use the card because even if they knew the password they would have to be able to copy the owner's voice with a high degree of accuracy.The challenge for Beepcard has been to develop voice-recognition and audio circuitry that can be powered by a mini battery embedded (嵌入的)in a credit card. To maximize battery life, the electronics are only switched on when the card is being used. Pressing a button on the card’s surface prompts it to utter “say your password” in female voice. If the voice-recognition software proves that the password is authentic (真实的),it sends its ID squawk which the server then identifies, allowing the transaction to proceed.What is the problem with the model card? A It is too large.B It is too thick.C It can’t be used in online transactions.D It doesn’t have a loudspeaker.
答案如下:
B
解析: 工程师发明的样卡(model credit card)主要问题是尺寸太厚,见文章第四段。
Dark Forces Dominate UniverseThe earth, moon, sun and all visible stars in the sky make up less than one percent of the universe. Almost all the rest is dark matter and dark energy, unknown forces that _______(51) astronomers.Observations in recent years have changed the basic_______(52) of how the universe evolved and have indicated how little is known about the major forces and substances that _______(53) our world.Astronomers now know that luminous (发光的)matter — stars, planets and hot gas — accounts_______(54) only about 0. 4 percent of the universe. Non-luminous components,such as black holes and intergalactic (星系间的)gas, ______ (55) up 3. 6percent. The rest is either dark matter, about 23 percent, or dark energy, about 73 percent.Dark matter, sometimes_______(56) “cold dark matter”,has been known for some time. Only recently have researchers come to understand the key role it_______(57) in the formation of stars, planets and even people.“We_______(58) our very existence to dark matter,” said physicist Paul Steinhardt and a co-author of a review on dark matter which_______(59) not long ago in the journal Science.“Dark matter dominated the structure_______(60) in the early universe,’’ Steinhardt said. ‘‘ For the first few billion years dark matter contained most of the mass of the universe. You can think of ordinary matter_______(61) a froth (泡沫)of an ocean of dark matter.The dark matter clumps (结成块)and the ordinary matter falls into it.That_______(62)to the formation of the stars and galaxies (星系).”Without dark matter, “there would be virtually no structures in the universe. ’’The nature of dark matter is_______ (63). It cannot be seen or detected directly.Astronomers know it is there because of its_______(64) on celestial(天体的)objects that can be seen and measured.But the most dominating force of all in the universe is called dark energy, a recently_______ (65) power that astronomers say is causing the galaxies in the universe to separate at a faster and faster speed. A inB forC ofD to
答案如下:
B
解析: account for的意思是“占……比例”,是固定搭配。
Dark Forces Dominate UniverseThe earth, moon, sun and all visible stars in the sky make up less than one percent of the universe. Almost all the rest is dark matter and dark energy, unknown forces that _______(51) astronomers.Observations in recent years have changed the basic_______(52) of how the universe evolved and have indicated how little is known about the major forces and substances that _______(53) our world.Astronomers now know that luminous (发光的)matter — stars, planets and hot gas — accounts_______(54) only about 0. 4 percent of the universe. Non-luminous components,such as black holes and intergalactic (星系间的)gas, ______ (55) up 3. 6percent. The rest is either dark matter, about 23 percent, or dark energy, about 73 percent.Dark matter, sometimes_______(56) “cold dark matter”,has been known for some time. Only recently have researchers come to understand the key role it_______(57) in the formation of stars, planets and even people.“We_______(58) our very existence to dark matter,” said physicist Paul Steinhardt and a co-author of a review on dark matter which_______(59) not long ago in the journal Science.“Dark matter dominated the structure_______(60) in the early universe,’’ Steinhardt said. ‘‘ For the first few billion years dark matter contained most of the mass of the universe. You can think of ordinary matter_______(61) a froth (泡沫)of an ocean of dark matter.The dark matter clumps (结成块)and the ordinary matter falls into it.That_______(62)to the formation of the stars and galaxies (星系).”Without dark matter, “there would be virtually no structures in the universe. ’’The nature of dark matter is_______ (63). It cannot be seen or detected directly.Astronomers know it is there because of its_______(64) on celestial(天体的)objects that can be seen and measured.But the most dominating force of all in the universe is called dark energy, a recently_______ (65) power that astronomers say is causing the galaxies in the universe to separate at a faster and faster speed. A worryB moveC puzzleD reject
答案如下:
C
解析: puzzle的意思是“使……感到迷惑”。几个选项中只有此选项意思符合原文。
Dark Forces Dominate UniverseThe earth, moon, sun and all visible stars in the sky make up less than one percent of the universe. Almost all the rest is dark matter and dark energy, unknown forces that _______(51) astronomers.Observations in recent years have changed the basic_______(52) of how the universe evolved and have indicated how little is known about the major forces and substances that _______(53) our world.Astronomers now know that luminous (发光的)matter — stars, planets and hot gas — accounts_______(54) only about 0. 4 percent of the universe. Non-luminous components,such as black holes and intergalactic (星系间的)gas, ______ (55) up 3. 6percent. The rest is either dark matter, about 23 percent, or dark energy, about 73 percent.Dark matter, sometimes_______(56) “cold dark matter”,has been known for some time. Only recently have researchers come to understand the key role it_______(57) in the formation of stars, planets and even people.“We_______(58) our very existence to dark matter,” said physicist Paul Steinhardt and a co-author of a review on dark matter which_______(59) not long ago in the journal Science.“Dark matter dominated the structure_______(60) in the early universe,’’ Steinhardt said. ‘‘ For the first few billion years dark matter contained most of the mass of the universe. You can think of ordinary matter_______(61) a froth (泡沫)of an ocean of dark matter.The dark matter clumps (结成块)and the ordinary matter falls into it.That_______(62)to the formation of the stars and galaxies (星系).”Without dark matter, “there would be virtually no structures in the universe. ’’The nature of dark matter is_______ (63). It cannot be seen or detected directly.Astronomers know it is there because of its_______(64) on celestial(天体的)objects that can be seen and measured.But the most dominating force of all in the universe is called dark energy, a recently_______ (65) power that astronomers say is causing the galaxies in the universe to separate at a faster and faster speed. A believeB oweC feelD regard
答案如下:
B
解析: owe to是一个固定搭配,意思是“认为是靠……的力量”,此句的意思是“我们靠暗物质的力量而存在”。
Almost Human?Scientists are racing to build the worlds first thinking robot. This is not science fiction:some say they will have made it by the year 2020. Carol Packer reports.Machines that walk, speak and feel are no longer science fiction. Kismet is the name of an android (机器人)which scientists have built at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Kismet is different from the traditional robot because it can show human emotions. Its eyes, ears and lips move to show when it feels happy, sad or bored. Kismet is one of the first of a new generation of androids — robots that look like human beings — which can imitate human feelings. Cog,another android invented by the MIT, imitates the action of a mother. However, scientists admit that so far Cog has the mental ability of a two-year-old.The optimists (乐观主义者)say that by the year 2020 we will have created humanoids (机器人)with brains similar to those of an adult human being. These robots will be designed to look like people to make them more attractive and easier to sell to the public. What kind of jobs will they do? In the future, robots like Robonaut, a humanoid invented by NASA, will be doing dangerous jobs, like repairing space stations. They will also be doing more and more of the household work for us. In Japan, scientists are designing androids that will entertain us by dancing and playing the piano.Some people worry about what the future holds: will robots become monsters (怪物)? Will people themselves become increasingly like robots? Experts predict that more and more people will be wearing micro-computers, connected to the Internet, in the future. Peoplewill have micro-chips in various parts of their body, which will connect them to a wide variety of gadgets (小装置).Perhaps we should not exaggerate (夸大)the importance of technology, but one wonders whether, in years to come, we will still be falling in love, and whether we will still feel pain. Who knows?What is the writers attitude to robots in the future? Aritical.B Hostile.C Objective.D Enthusiastic.
答案如下:
C
解析: 该题问的是作者对未来机器人的态度是什么。从最后一段的内容可以看出作者的态度是客观的,故答案为C。
The Smog (烟雾)For over a month, Indonesia was in crisis. Forest fires raged out of control as the country suffered its worst drought for 50 years. Smoke from the fires mixed with sunlight and hot dry air to form a cloud of smog. This pollution quickly spread and within days it was hanging over neighbouring countries including Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand.When the smoke combined with pollution from factories and cars, it soon became poisonous (有毒的).Dangerous amounts of CO became trapped under the smog and pollution levels rose. People wheezed (喘息)and coughed as they left the house and their eyes watered immediately.The smog made it impossible to see across streets and whole cities disappeared as grey soot (烟灰)covered everything. In some areas, water was hosed (用胶管浇)from high-rise city buildings to try and break up the smog.Finally, heavy rains, which came in November, put out the fires and cleared the air. But the environmental costs and health problems will remain. Many people from South- Eastern Asian cities already suffer from breathing huge amounts of car exhaust fumes (排放的废气)and factory pollution. Breathing problems could well increase and many nonsufferers may have difficulties for the first time. Wildlife has suffered too. In lowland forests, elephants, deer, and tigers have been driven out of their homes by smog.But smog is not just an Asian problem. In fact, the word was first used in London in 1905 to describe the mixture of smoke and thick fog. Fog often hung over the capital. Sometimes the smog was so thick and poisonous that people were killed by breathing problems or in accidents. About 4,000 Londoners died within five days as a result of thick smog in 1952. The forest animals haven’t been affected by the smog. A RightB WrongC Not mentioned
答案如下:
B
解析: 题句的意思是“森林里的动物未曾受到烟雾的影响”。文中第四段最后一句提到一些动物由于烟雾逃出了森林。故题句意思与原文有出入,答案为B。
Every Dog Has Its SayKimiko Fukuda, a Japanese girl, always wondered what her dog was trying to say.Whenever she put on makeup, it would pull at her sleeve. _______(46) When the dog barks,she glances at a small electronic gadget (装置).The following “human” translation appears on its screen :“Please take me with you.”“I realized that’s how he was feeling,”said Fukuda.The gadget is called Bowlingual, and it translates dog barks into feelings. People laughed when the Japanese toymaker Takara Company made the world’s first dog-human translation machine in 2002. But 300, 000 Japanese dog owners bought it. _______(47)“Nobody else had thought about it,” said Masahiko Kajita,who works for Takara. “We spend so much time training dogs to understand our orders; what would it be like if we could understand dogs?”Bowlingual has two parts. _______(48) The translation is done in the gadget using a database (资料库)containing every kind of bark.Based on animal behaviour research, these noises are divided into six categories:happiness, sadness, frustration, anger, declaration and desire. _______ (49) In this way, the database scientifically matches a bark to an emotion, which is then translated into one of 200 phrases.When a visitor went to Fukud's house recently, the dog barked a loud “bow wow”.This translated as “ Don’t come this way” ._______(50)The product will be available in US pet stores this summer for about US $120. It can store up to 100 barks, even recording the dog’s emotions when the owner is away.A A wireless microphone is attached to the dog’s collar, which sends information to the gadget held by the owner.B Nobody really knows how a dog feels.C It was followed by “I’m stronger than you” as the dog growled (嗥叫)and sniffed (嗅)at the visitor.D More customers are expected when the English version is launched this summer.E Now, the Japanese girl thinks she knows.F Each one of these emotions is then linked to a phrase like “Let’s play”,“Look at me”, or “Spend more time with me”.
答案如下:
D
解析: 上一句话说的30万名日本养狗人已经买了人狗翻译机。符合逻辑的选项是更多的人还会买。因此答案为D。
The Smog (烟雾)For over a month, Indonesia was in crisis. Forest fires raged out of control as the country suffered its worst drought for 50 years. Smoke from the fires mixed with sunlight and hot dry air to form a cloud of smog. This pollution quickly spread and within days it was hanging over neighbouring countries including Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand.When the smoke combined with pollution from factories and cars, it soon became poisonous (有毒的). Dangerous amounts of CO became trapped under the smog and pollution levels rose. People wheezed (喘息)and coughed as they left the house and their eyes watered immediately.The smog made it impossible to see across streets and whole cities disappeared as grey soot (烟灰)covered everything. In some areas, water was hosed (用胶管绕)from high - rise city buildings to try and break up the smog.Finally, heavy rains, which came in November, put out the fires and cleared the air. But the environmental costs and health problems will remain. Many people from South- Eastern Asian cities already suffer 什 om breathing huge amounts of car exhaust fumes (、汽车 排放的废气)and factory pollution. Breathing problems could well increase and many non - sufferers may have difficulties for the first time. Wildlife has suffered too. In lowland forests, elephants, deer, and tigers have been driven out of their homes by smog.But smog is not just an Asian problem. In fact, the word was first used in London in 1905 to describe the mixture of smoke and thick fog. Fog often hung over the capital. Sometimes the smog was so thick and poisonous that people were killed by breathing problems or in accidents. About 4, 000 Londoners died within five days as a result of thick smog in 1952.Many Indonesians blamed the government for the drought. A RightB WrongC Not mentioned
答案如下:
C
解析: 题句的意思是“很多印尼人因为旱灾而抱怨政府”。这层意思文中根本没有提到,故答案为C。
More Than a Ride to SchoolThe National Education Association claims, “ The school bus is a mirror of the community. ” They further add that,unfortunately, what appears on the exterior does not always reflect the reality of a chosen community. They are right — sometimes it reflects more! Just ask Liesl Denson. Riding the school bus has been more than a ride to school for Liesl.Bruce Hardy, school bus driver for Althouse Bus Company has been Liesl's bus driver since kindergarten. Last year when Liesl’s family moved to Parkesburg, knowing her bus.went by her new residence, she requested to ride the same bus.This year Liesl is a senior and will enjoy her last year riding the bus. She says, “ It’s been a great ride so far! My bus driver is so cool and has always been a good friend and a good listener. Sometimes when you’re a child adults do not think that what you have to say is important. Mr. Hardy always listens to what you have to say and makes you feel important. ” Her friends Ashley Batista and Amanda Wolfe agree.Bruce Hardy has been making Octorara students feel special since 1975. This year he will celebrate 30 years working for Althouse Bus Company. Larry Althouse, president of the company, acknowledges Bruce Hardy’s outstanding record: “ You do not come by employees like Bruce these days. He has never missed a day of work and has a perfect driving record. He was recognized in 2000 by the Pennsylvania School Bus Association for driving 350,000 accident free miles. Hardy’s reputation is made further evident through the relationships he has made with the students that ride his bus. ”Althouse further adds, “ Althouse Bus Company was established 70 years ago and has been providing quality transportation ever since. My grandfather started the business with one bus. Althouse Bus Company is delighted to have the opportunity to bring distinctive and safe service to our local school and community and looks forward to continuing to provide quality service for many more years to come. ”Three generations is not all the company has enjoyed. Thanks to drivers like Bruce Hardy, they have been building relationships through generations. Liesl’s mother Carol also enjoys fond memories of riding Bruce Hardy’s bus to the Octorara School District.Bruce Hardy has been working with Althouse Bus Company A for 30 years.B for 70 years.C since last year.D since 2000.
答案如下:
A
解析: 该题问的是:Bruce Hardy为Althouse公交公司工作了多少年了?第四段的第二句话是这么说的:今年,他要庆祝为Althouse公交公司工作30年。
More Than a Ride to SchoolThe National Education Association claims, “ The school bus is a mirror of the community. ” They further add that,unfortunately, what appears on the exterior does not always reflect the reality of a chosen community. They are right — sometimes it reflects more! Just ask Liesl Denson. Riding the school bus has been more than a ride to school for Liesl.Bruce Hardy, school bus driver for Althouse Bus Company has been Liesl's bus driver since kindergarten. Last year when Liesl’s family moved to Parkesburg, knowing her bus.went by her new residence, she requested to ride the same bus.This year Liesl is a senior and will enjoy her last year riding the bus. She says, “ It’s been a great ride so far! My bus driver is so cool and has always been a good friend and a good listener. Sometimes when you’re a child adults do not think that what you have to say is important. Mr. Hardy always listens to what you have to say and makes you feel important. ” Her friends Ashley Batista and Amanda Wolfe agree.Bruce Hardy has been making Octorara students feel special since 1975. This year he will celebrate 30 years working for Althouse Bus Company. Larry Althouse, president of the company, acknowledges Bruce Hardy’s outstanding record: “ You do not come by employees like Bruce these days. He has never missed a day of work and has a perfect driving record. He was recognized in 2000 by the Pennsylvania School Bus Association for driving 350,000 accident free miles. Hardy’s reputation is made further evident through the relationships he has made with the students that ride his bus. ”Althouse further adds, “ Althouse Bus Company was established 70 years ago and has been providing quality transportation ever since. My grandfather started the business with one bus. Althouse Bus Company is delighted to have the opportunity to bring distinctive and safe service to our local school and community and looks forward to continuing to provide quality service for many more years to come. ”Three generations is not all the company has enjoyed. Thanks to drivers like Bruce Hardy, they have been building relationships through generations. Liesl’s mother Carol also enjoys fond memories of riding Bruce Hardy’s bus to the Octorara School District.Which of the following statements is NOT true of Bruce Hardy? A He is popular with his passengers.B He has never missed a day of work.C He is an impatient person.D He has driven 350, 000 accident free miles.
答案如下:
C
解析: 该题问的是:下面的哪一种说法不符合Bruce Hardy的实际情况?选项A可见于第三段第二行。选项B可见于第四段第四行。选项D可见于第四段的后半部分。选项C说的是:Bruce Hardy不耐心。第三段说到了Bruce Hardy是一个很好的听众,他总是听着你要说的话。可见,说Bruce Hardy不耐心不符合实际情况。
More Than a Ride to SchoolThe National Education Association claims, “ The school bus is a mirror of the community. ” They further add that,unfortunately, what appears on the exterior does not always reflect the reality of a chosen community. They are right — sometimes it reflects more! Just ask Liesl Denson. Riding the school bus has been more than a ride to school for Liesl.Bruce Hardy, school bus driver for Althouse Bus Company has been Liesl's bus driver since kindergarten. Last year when Liesl’s family moved to Parkesburg, knowing her bus.went by her new residence, she requested to ride the same bus.This year Liesl is a senior and will enjoy her last year riding the bus. She says, “ It’s been a great ride so far! My bus driver is so cool and has always been a good friend and a good listener. Sometimes when you’re a child adults do not think that what you have to say is important. Mr. Hardy always listens to what you have to say and makes you feel important. ” Her friends Ashley Batista and Amanda Wolfe agree.Bruce Hardy has been making Octorara students feel special since 1975. This year he will celebrate 30 years working for Althouse Bus Company. Larry Althouse, president of the company, acknowledges Bruce Hardy’s outstanding record: “ You do not come by employees like Bruce these days. He has never missed a day of work and has a perfect driving record. He was recognized in 2000 by the Pennsylvania School Bus Association for driving 350,000 accident free miles. Hardy’s reputation is made further evident through the relationships he has made with the students that ride his bus. ”Althouse further adds, “ Althouse Bus Company was established 70 years ago and has been providing quality transportation ever since. My grandfather started the business with one bus. Althouse Bus Company is delighted to have the opportunity to bring distinctive and safe service to our local school and community and looks forward to continuing to provide quality service for many more years to come. ”Three generations is not all the company has enjoyed. Thanks to drivers like Bruce Hardy, they have been building relationships through generations. Liesl’s mother Carol also enjoys fond memories of riding Bruce Hardy’s bus to the Octorara School District.Althouse Bus Company pays much attention to A employing young drivers.B running quality schools.C providing free driving lessons.D building sound relationships.
答案如下:
D
解析: 该题问的是:Althouse公交公司追求的目标是什么?选项A说的是:雇用年轻的司机。选项B说的是:经营素质学校。选项C说的是:提供免费的驾驶课程。选项D说的是:建立良好的关系。选项D可见于倒数第二行。
More Than a Ride to SchoolThe National Education Association claims, “ The school bus is a mirror of the community. ” They further add that,unfortunately, what appears on the exterior does not always reflect the reality of a chosen community. They are right — sometimes it reflects more! Just ask Liesl Denson. Riding the school bus has been more than a ride to school for Liesl.Bruce Hardy, school bus driver for Althouse Bus Company has been Liesl's bus driver since kindergarten. Last year when Liesl’s family moved to Parkesburg, knowing her bus.went by her new residence, she requested to ride the same bus.This year Liesl is a senior and will enjoy her last year riding the bus. She says, “ It’s been a great ride so far! My bus driver is so cool and has always been a good friend and a good listener. Sometimes when you’re a child adults do not think that what you have to say is important. Mr. Hardy always listens to what you have to say and makes you feel important. ” Her friends Ashley Batista and Amanda Wolfe agree.Bruce Hardy has been making Octorara students feel special since 1975. This year he will celebrate 30 years working for Althouse Bus Company. Larry Althouse, president of the company, acknowledges Bruce Hardy’s outstanding record: “ You do not come by employees like Bruce these days. He has never missed a day of work and has a perfect driving record. He was recognized in 2000 by the Pennsylvania School Bus Association for driving 350,000 accident free miles. Hardy’s reputation is made further evident through the relationships he has made with the students that ride his bus. ”Althouse further adds, “ Althouse Bus Company was established 70 years ago and has been providing quality transportation ever since. My grandfather started the business with one bus. Althouse Bus Company is delighted to have the opportunity to bring distinctive and safe service to our local school and community and looks forward to continuing to provide quality service for many more years to come. ”Three generations is not all the company has enjoyed. Thanks to drivers like Bruce Hardy, they have been building relationships through generations. Liesl’s mother Carol also enjoys fond memories of riding Bruce Hardy’s bus to the Octorara School District.Althouse Bus Company was founded by A Larry Althouse.B Althouse’s grandfather.C Liesl's mother.D Ashley Batista.
答案如下:
B
解析: 该题问的是:谁创立了 Althouse公交公司?选项A说的是:Larry Althouse。Larry Althouse是公司的总裁。选项B说的是:Althouse的祖父。倒数第二段有这样一句话: 我(Althouse)的祖父开始经营时只有一辆公共汽车。可见,答案为B。
Saving MoneyWhere you save your money often depends on what you are saving for. If you are saving to buy a CD (光盘)or to go to a concert,then probably you would keep your money somewhere in your room.If you are saving for a big purchase like a mountain bike or a school trip, where would you save your money?One place to save money is the bank. Putting your money in a savings account will help your money earn more money. If you put your money in a piggy bank (猪形储蓄罐), one year later you'll still have the same amount of money you put in. If you put your money in a savings account, one year later, you’ll have more money than you put in. Why?When you keep your money in a bank, your money earns interest. Interest is an amount of money a bank pays you to use your money. The bank uses your money (and the money of other people,too) to loan money to people and businesses.The bank will send you a statement several times a year. A bank statement tells you how much money you have in your account. It also tells you how much interest you have earned. If you leave your money in the bank, you can watch it grow!Another way you can save money is to buy a certificate of deposit or CD. If you have some money that you don’t need to use for a long time, this is a good way to make yourmoney grow.You can buy a CD at a bank. You agree not to use the money for a certain period of time. That period might be from six months to five years. You can't touch your money during that time. If you do, you must pay a penalty, or fee.Among other things,a bank statement tells you A the amount of money you have in the bank.B the current rates of interest.C the current rates of exchange.D the best way to save your money.
答案如下:
A
解析: 该题问的是:银行说明书告诉你什么? A说的是你在银行中有多少钱。B说的是当前的利率。C说的是当前的兑换率。D说的是存钱的最好办法。A是正确的,答案在第五段。
Every Dog Has Its SayKimiko Fukuda, a Japanese girl, always wondered what her dog was trying to say.Whenever she put on makeup, it would pull at her sleeve. _______(46) When the dog barks,she glances at a small electronic gadget (装置).The following “human” translation appears on its screen :“Please take me with you.”“I realized that’s how he was feeling,”said Fukuda.The gadget is called Bowlingual, and it translates dog barks into feelings. People laughed when the Japanese toymaker Takara Company made the world’s first dog-human translation machine in 2002. But 300, 000 Japanese dog owners bought it. _______(47)“Nobody else had thought about it,” said Masahiko Kajita,who works for Takara. “We spend so much time training dogs to understand our orders; what would it be like if we could understand dogs?”Bowlingual has two parts. _______(48) The translation is done in the gadget using a database (资料库)containing every kind of bark.Based on animal behaviour research, these noises are divided into six categories:happiness, sadness, frustration, anger, declaration and desire. _______ (49) In this way, the database scientifically matches a bark to an emotion, which is then translated into one of 200 phrases.When a visitor went to Fukud's house recently, the dog barked a loud “bow wow”.This translated as “ Don’t come this way” ._______(50)The product will be available in US pet stores this summer for about US $120. It can store up to 100 barks, even recording the dog’s emotions when the owner is away.A A wireless microphone is attached to the dog’s collar, which sends information to the gadget held by the owner.B Nobody really knows how a dog feels.C It was followed by “I’m stronger than you” as the dog growled (嗥叫)and sniffed (嗅)at the visitor.D More customers are expected when the English version is launched this summer.E Now, the Japanese girl thinks she knows.F Each one of these emotions is then linked to a phrase like “Let’s play”,“Look at me”, or “Spend more time with me”.
答案如下:
E
解析: 文章的第一段前两句话提出了 Kimiko Fukuda—直在想的一件事,即狗究竟想表达什么。紧接着应该给出一个比较符合逻辑的答案。答案为E。
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